Pug

Throughout the year Little Rascals UK often have Pug puppies for sale. So, if you are looking into buying a Pug please speak to us. We will be able to help you find your new Pug puppy. If you have a long journey and are looking for a Pug puppy near you “don’t worry”, why not use our delivery service.

Key Breed Facts

The Pug breed is also commonly known by the names Chinese Pug, Mops (Germany), Carlin (France), Mopsi (Finland), Doguillo (Spain).

Lifespan: 12 – 14 years

Pedigree Breed Status: KC Recognised in the Toy Group

Height
Males 25 – 35 cm
Females 25 – 35 cm

Weight
Males 6 – 9 kg
Females 6 – 9 kg

Breed Characteristics

Size

?
Small (4/10)

Exercise

?
medium (6/10)

Training

?
average (6/10)

Shedding

?
high (8/10)

Grooming

?
medium (5/10)

Children

?
above average (7/10)

Health

?
poor (3/10)

Cost to Keep

?
medium (5/10)

Being Alone

?
short periods (2/10)

Intelligence

?
average (6/10)

Introduction

The Pug remains one of the most popular breeds to own.  Pugs may be small in stature, but they have big personalities and are extremely intelligent little dogs.  They are confident by nature with an affectionate and mischievous side to their natures that endears them to just about everyone they meet.  They adapt well to family life and other lifestyles which are just some of the reasons they have remained popular today.  Pugs are incredibly people-oriented and hate it when left on their own for any length of time, but once you’ve shared a home with a Pug, there’ll be no going back.

History

Although the exact origins of Pugs remain unknown, they are considered one of the most ancient breeds on the planet.  Originating in Ancient China where only Emperors could own a Pug, these little dogs found their way over to Europe when China allowed Dutch explorers to trade in their lands.  It is said that sailors smuggled these little dogs out of China and once back home, they were an immediate hit with the nobility and upper classes due to their small size and sweet natures.

Pugs were first seen in England in the 17th Century with records of William III owning one.  They became the “official dog” of Dutch royalty around the same time before gaining popularity in other European countries including Spain, France and Italy.  At the time, Pugs were different to the dogs we see today because they had longer faces and legs. 

In 1860, a new type of Pug was imported from China and these dogs boasted shorter noses and shorter legs.  Their “pug noses” were an immediate hit with Queen Victoria and very soon the breed was once again popular with many royals.  It was Queen Victoria who banned people from cropping a Pug’s ears because she deemed it cruel. 

  • Pugs are a brachycephalic breed.
  • Napoleon’s wife, Josephine owned a Pug called Fortune.
  • Groups of Pugs are referred to as “grumbles”.
  • Pugs should have two curls in their tails.
  • Pugs are susceptible to catching colds because of their short noses.

Appearance

Pugs are compact, robust and well-proportioned, slightly square looking little dogs. However, their heads are quite big in relation to their bodies and they are round with short, snubbed black noses which are quite large in relation to the size of their heads. Their defining physical features are their expressive, large, dark eyes and the adorable wrinkles around their faces.

A Pug’s ears are small and they feel like velvet to the touch. There are two kinds which are the Button Ear and Rose Ear. Their mouths are very slightly undershot which adds to their overall appeal. They hold their strong and thick necks slightly arched which gives the Pug their proud look.

Feet are tidy and neat with well-defined toes and black nails. A Pug’s tail is tightly curled and set high and double curls are looked on favourably as a breed standard. Their bodies should have well-defined hard muscles which should not be confused with a Pug being overweight.

When it comes to coat, a Pug has a short, glossy, smooth and fine coat with a well-defined black line that runs all the way down their backs. They also boast a nice dark mask and their markings in their coats are well defined. These markings should always be as dark as possible which includes any moles a dog has on their cheeks, diamonds on their foreheads or thumb marks found on their bodies.

Colours

Silver, Apricot, Fawn, Black

Colours are clearly defined so that contrasting colours on a dog’s face and other parts of the body are evident. Their markings should be nicely defined

Pugs are compact, strong dogs and when they move it is with purpose, having a true “action” when seen from the front and the side. Their front legs move strongly and their back legs move freely with feet always facing forward.

Temperament

Pugs are renowned for their kind, sweet natures which is why they have remained such popular companions throughout the centuries. Some people say that sharing a home with a Pug is more like living with a small child than a dog, which is especially true when it comes to their need for attention. Pugs are ultra-sociable and they thrive on being around people. 

Being highly intelligent, Pugs also need to quite a bit of training and it’s important to handle them gently yet firmly because they can be mischievous and naughty at times. It would be fair to say that Pugs need more time spent on their training than a lot of other breeds just for this reason. It’s also worth bearing in mind that these little dogs remain extremely puppy-like throughout their lives which is why they are such great fun to have around.

The breed is known to be extremely friendly when they are around people they don’t know. Another nice trait is that although they are very affectionate, Pugs are not clingy, but when they have been given enough attention, a Pug will quite happily go off and do their own thing. Pugs need to know their place in the “pack” and who is the alpha dog or they might show a more dominant side to their characters.

A well socialised and trained Pug is a joy to have around and they thoroughly enjoy being the centre of attention loving nothing more than to play the clown. 

Are they a good choice for first time owners?

Pugs are a great choice for first time dog owners providing they have lots of time to spend with their canine companions. Pugs form strong ties with their owners. It can also take time and patience to house train a Pug puppy with some dogs taking months to learn where to

What about excessive barking?

Pugs have funny voices and are not known to be overly vocal although some of them are barkers. They are intelligent and can be taught not to bark for no reason, but this needs to be done without being too hard on a young Pug. This typically ends up with them expressing their feelings through excessive barking.

Do Pugs like water?

Pugs do like swimming and will instinctively take to water when the weather is warm. It’s best to wait until your Pug is that much older. Because of their short noses, care should be taken when a Pug goes swimming because water can easily get up their noses which can cause them all sorts of breathing issues.

Intelligence / Trainability

Pugs are intelligent little dogs however, they do boast a bit of a stubborn streak in them which means it takes a firm, yet gentle hand when it comes to training them. It is also essential for owners to be consistent and always fair, because Pugs are quite sensitive by nature even if they are stubborn at times.  Rules and boundaries must be established early when living with a Pug and they need to be taught their place in the “pack”.

Pugs respond well to positive reinforcement. If this is done too harshly it could have an adverse effect on a dog rather than a positive outcome. Pugs are renowned for testing boundaries and limits which means being firm and consistent throughout a dog’s life remembering that it’s in a Pug’s nature to see how much they can get away with before being told off.

Children and Other Pets

Pugs are renowned for their genuine love of children.  They are robust little dogs that enjoy being around kids even when playtime gets a bit on the rough side.  It’s always best to supervise children when they are around dogs to make sure things stay calm and that things don’t get too boisterous.

Pugs are also known to be good when they are around other pets and animals which includes cats.  They rarely show any sort of aggressive behaviour towards other dogs or pets which is another reason why they are so popular the world over as family pets. However, as with any other breed, Pug puppies need to be well socialised from a young age so they grow up to be confident, outgoing and well-rounded mature dogs that take everything in their stride.

Health

The average life expectancy of a Pug is between 12 – 14 years when properly cared for and fed an appropriate good quality diet to suit their ages. Because Pugs have a relatively small gene pool the breed is known to suffer from a few hereditary health issues.  These include the following: Eye Disorders, Cataracts, Entropion (Eyelids Folding Inwards), Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA), Muzzle Problems, Elongated Soft Palate (ES), Luxating Patella.

Because Pugs have remained so popular and therefore in high demand, the breed’s health is of the utmost importance. At Little Rascals, we do our utmost to ensure that all their breeding dogs are sound and healthy so that any offspring they produce are less likely of inheriting hereditary problems the breed is known to suffer from.

Caring for a Pug

Any time a Pug looks off colour and they are not acting like their normal selves, the earlier they are examined by a vet the better because most health concerns when caught in their early stages are that much easier to treat and the outcome is therefore a lot more positive for the dog.

Looked after correctly, Pugs are pretty low-maintenance little dogs. They need to be groomed on a regular basis to make sure their coats and skin are kept in tip-top condition. It’s important to keep the wrinkles around the faces nice and clean to avoid any sores developing. They also need to be given regular daily exercise so they remain fit and healthy.  On top of this, Pugs need to be fed a good quality well-balanced diet that meets their nutritional needs throughout their lives.

Caring for a Pug puppy

Getting a Pug puppy into a routine from the word go helps them through what can be a stressful and anxious time. The routine means feeding a puppy at the same time of the day and establishing a daily grooming schedule which helps reinforce the bond between owner and puppy.

Your puppy would have been wormed by us, which is information that will be included in their paperwork along with details of microchipping, but it is important for them to be wormed again when the time is right once they arrive in their new home. They should be wormed regularly as follows:

Puppies should be wormed monthly to the age of 6 months old and then quarterly.

Pug puppies can be quite boisterous, but care should always be taken making sure that playtime never gets too rough. It’s also important for their new environment to be safe for them to roam around in which includes both indoors and outside in the garden. Puppy proofing a home and a garden can take a bit of thought and time.

Puppies also need to have a quiet corner where they can relax and sleep because they need to take lots of naps throughout the day. Puppies can sleep for anything up to 12 hours a day. Their bed or crate should be away from too much traffic, but somewhere that is not too out of the way so you can keep an eye and ear on them. It’s also important for puppies not to feel they are on their own.

Feeding a new puppy

At Little Rascals we always give new owners a sheet showing what they have been feeding their puppies and the frequency of their meal times and it is important to keep to this to avoid any digestive problems. 

Pug puppies are full of energy and when they play, they play hard before collapsing and going to sleep again. They need to be fed a high quality, nutritious diet that meets all their needs so they have the energy to play and enough left over to promote good growth. We recommend Royal Canin. Puppies need to be fed several times a day which is typically 4 times in a 24-hour period. 

It is essential to feed a puppy at the same times every day and to make sure their meal times are evenly spread out so that they don’t develop hypoglycaemia, a condition where a puppy’s blood sugar levels drop rapidly which can make a puppy very ill. From 6 months puppy should be fed twice a day.

Grooming

If there is one thing that Pugs enjoy, it’s being groomed because they love the one to one attention it involves. Being heavy shedders, Pugs need to be brushed most days and it not only strengths a bond between owner and dog, but it keeps their coat and skin in tip top condition too.

If you are about to get a Pug puppy, it’s important to start grooming them as soon as possible so they get used to the brush and all the other tools you would use to keep their coats looking good. You should also teach a puppy to have their nails touched which means that when and if they do need trimming, you would be able to trim their nails without any drama or stress.

When it comes to bathing a Pug, this might need to be done on the odd occasion and ideally it should be when the weather is warmer so that a dog does not catch a chill. Pugs in general enjoy being bathed.  You also need to make sure a Pug is thoroughly dried after having been given a bath, paying special attention to the wrinkles around their faces. 

Exercise

Pug puppies should not be given too much exercise because it could have serious consequences on their well-being. Puppies are still growing and developing and as such only need to be given a little exercise to avoid having too much pressure put on their joints and backs. Pug puppies should not be allowed to run up and down stairs or jump up on furniture. They should always be lifted into a car too. Being allowed to run around and play in a garden is all that a puppy would really need in the early stages of their lives.

Mature dogs don’t need a lot of exercise, but Pugs need to be taken out for a brisk walk at least once a day for 20 or so minutes. If you have a secure garden, there’s nothing these little dogs enjoy more than spending as much time as they can out in it when you are at home and the weather is fine.

Care should be taken during the hotter weather because a Pug can easily get overheated not just when they are out on a walk, but also if they lie in the sun for too long. During the summer, it’s best to take a Pug out for a walk early in the morning.

A lot of Pugs don’t particularly like going out when it’s raining or cold outside and will refuse to take a step outdoors when the weather is bad. If it is very wet and windy, it’s best to just take them out for a really short walk because weather conditions like this can hurt a Pug’s eyes. It’s also important to keep an eye on their breathing when they are out on a walk to make sure they are not straining to catch their breath which can lead to them overheating.

However, it’s important for Pugs to be given enough exercise otherwise they will happily turn into couch potatoes. A problem that Pugs are prone to suffer from and carrying too much weight can seriously affect a dog’s health and wellbeing.

Feeding

If you have just got a Pug puppy from Little Rascals we will have provided you with feeding instructions so they are fed the same amount of food at the same time of the day which helps avoid any digestive upsets. We would also recommend a puppy be fed the same type of food to begin with for the same reason.  We recommend Royal Canin.

Puppies need to be fed more frequently than adult dogs, and ideally this needs to be either 2 or 3 times a day. At 6 months, puppies can safely be fed twice a day.

Older Pugs should be fed a good quality, well-balanced diet to suit their ages making sure it contains the correct levels of nutrients to meet a dog’s needs. 

Pugs are not generally fussy eaters and in fact, quite the opposite is true because some dogs tend to like their food a little too much which means keeping an eye on a dog’s weight and to always make sure they are getting enough exercise to burn off any excess calories. Ideally, an adult Pug should be fed a smaller meal in the morning and then a larger meal in the afternoon or early evening. As a rough guide the amount of food a mature, adult Pug should be fed daily is as follows: 121g to 190g depending on a dog’s size and build.

Average cost to keep/care for a Pug

If you are looking to buy a Pug, you would need to pay anything from £500 to £1500 for a well-bred pedigree puppy. The cost of insuring a male 3-year old Pug in England would be £22.01 a month for basic cover, but the premium rises to £40.81 a month for a lifetime policy (quote as of March 2016). An insurance company factors in quite a few things when calculating a pet’s premium and this includes where you live in the UK and a dog’s age and their breed.

When it comes to food costs, you would need to buy the best quality food whether wet or dry for your dog throughout their lives and it must be one that suits the different stages of their lives. This would set you back between £40 – £50 per month. On top of this, you will need to factor in veterinary costs if you want to share your home with a Pug this includes their second vaccinations, the cost of neutering or spaying your dog when the time is right and then their annual health check visits.

As a rough guide, the average cost to keep and care for a Pug would be between £60 and £90 a month depending on the level of pet insurance you opt to get for your dog.

Breed Specific Buying Advice

When visiting and buying any puppy or dog, there are many important things to consider and questions to ask of the breeder. You can read our generic puppy/dog advice here which includes making sure you see the puppy with its mother and to verify that the dog has been microchipped.

For any advice on the best choice of puppy for you please call Little Rascals Pets on 01522 789191

 

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