Home / Our Breeds / Pomeranian

Pomeranian

Throughout the year Little Rascals UK often have Pomeranian puppies for sale. So, if you are looking into buying a Pomeranian please speak to us. We will be able to help you find your new Pomeranian puppy. If you have a long journey and are looking for a Pomeranian puppy near you “don’t worry”, why not use our delivery service.

Key Breed Facts

The Pomeranian breed is also commonly known by the names Pom pom, Pom, Deutscher Spitz, Zwergspitz, Spitz nain, Spitz enano, Zwers.

Lifespan: 12 – 16 years

Pedigree Breed Status: KC Recognised in the Toy Group

Height
Males 13 – 28 cm
Females 13 – 28 cm

Weight
Males 1.8 – 2 kg
Females 2 – 2.5 kg

Breed Characteristics

Size

?
small (2/10)

Exercise

?
low (2/10)

Training

?
very easy (8/10)

Shedding

?
Low (4/10)

Grooming

?
medium (5/10)

Children

?
average (5/10)

Health

?
below average (4/10)

Cost to Keep

?
low (3/10)

Being Alone

?
moderate periods (5/10)

Intelligence

?
above average (7/10)

Introduction

The Pomeranian may be tiny, but they are real extroverts and they boast very kind and affectionate natures.  They are the tiniest of the Spitz-type dog and have very fox-like looks all wrapped in a bundle of fluff.  They boast an interesting ancestry with the German Spitz being one of the dogs used to create the breed with Queen Victoria popularising these little dogs during her reign in the 1900’s.

Today the Pomeranian is as popular in the UK and elsewhere in the world all thanks to their sweet temperaments paired to the fact these little dogs are super intelligent and love nothing more than to please.  They form extremely strong bonds with one person in a household, but are always friendly to other people they meet.

History

The Pomeranian was named after the region between Poland and Germany called Pomerania where they were developed. However, their ancestors are larger Spitz-type dogs that hail from as far afield as Russia, Siberia and other Arctic regions.  Spitz dogs were at the time usually much bigger than the modern Pomeranian we know today.

The exact origin of the various breeds that played a part in creating the modern Pom remains unknown. It is reputed that in Queen Victoria’s lifetime, the Pomeranian decreased in size by almost half, giving rise to the Pom we know as a popular companion today.

Pomeranians are still one of the most popular choices as companion dogs thanks to their small stature, their adorable looks and their loyal, affectionate natures.

Interesting facts about the breed

  • Poms are part of the Spitz-type dogs
  • They come in a variety of different colours
  • They are named after a coastal region along the Baltic Sea
  • They were a firm favourite with Queen Victoria
  • The US president, Theodore Roosevelt had a Pomeranian called Gem
  • Two Pomeranians survived when the Titanic sank

Appearance

Pomeranians are small dogs that boast a thick, plush coat.  They have a very fox-like look about their heads and they often seem to be smiling.  Their heads are large in relation to their muzzle which is finely chiselled.  Their nose colour matches their coat and the same applies to the colour of a Pom’s eyes which are oval in shape and set nicely apart on a dog’s head. However, eye rims are black.

Their ears are small and set not too far apart or too low on a dog’s head which they carry upright.  Poms have strong jaws with a perfect scissor bite where their upper teeth neatly overlap their lower ones. With well set shoulders which are clean and nicely laid back.  Front legs are fine and straight and moderately long in relation to the rest of a Pom’s body.

They have short backs and compact nicely ribbed bodies. Tails are set high and profusely covered in harsh, long hair that spreads over it and which turn over a dog’s back.

When it comes to their coat, the Pomeranian boasts having a double coat with the outer coat being long, flat and harsh to the touch whereas their undercoat is soft and fluffy. 

Their coat is more abundant around a dog’s neck and on the front of their shoulders and chest which forms their unique “frill”. Accepted colours include the following: Black, Black & Tan, Brown, Cream, Cream Sable, Light Brown, Orange, Orange & Cream, Orange & White, Orange Sable, Red, Red Sable, Sable, Sable & Grey, Sable & Orange, Sable & White, Shaded Red, Shaded Sable, White, Wolf Sable.

Gait / Movement

Pomeranians have a bouncy action, they move freely in a brisk manner that adds to a dog’s look of self-importance.

Temperament

The Pomeranian forms a very strong bond with one person. Ideal for first time owners and more especially families. Poms may be tiny in stature, but they boast heaps of personality and are renowned for being total extroverts.  Being highly intelligent, the Pomeranian knows how to get their own way which is why they need to be well trained from a young age.

Poms are very quick to learn new things which includes the good and the bad.  If they are allowed to get their own way, they tend to show a more dominant side to their character.

It’s essential that puppies be well socialised from a young age for them to grow up to be well rounded, happy characters.  They have no idea of their size which can be a problem when they meet other dogs which they will happily take because it’s in their feisty nature to do so regardless of how big other dogs happen to be.

They do not like to be left on their own for short or long periods, which means they are not a good choice for people who spend a lot of their time out of the home.

What about playfulness?

Poms have a real sense of humour and because they love being the centre of attention, they like to entertain their owners with all the antics they get up to.  They remain very puppy-like well into their senior years which is one of the reasons they are such a joy to share a home with.

What about adaptability?

Pomeranians are adaptable little dogs and are just as happy living in an apartment in town as they are living in a house in the country.

Are Pomeranians good watchdogs?

A Pomeranian is always quick off the mark to let an owner know when they are strangers about or when they don’t like something that is going on in the environment.

Intelligence / Trainability

Known to be very intelligent little dogs, Poms are willing and eager to learn new things which means they are pretty easy to train.  However, they are known to be unpredictable at times which can make it a bit challenging to know how a Pom may react to something or someone.  Their training and education has to be consistent and always fair, but these tiny dogs need to be handled with a firm hand for them to understand who is boss and their place in the pack.

With this said, it can be quite a challenge to housetrain them with perseverance being the key to success.  It’s also important to nip any excessive barking in the bud because Poms love the sound of their own voices which is less of a “bark” and more of a shrill “yap”.  Puppies need to be taught the basic commands as early as possible so they understand the ground rules and boundaries.

Children and Other Pets

Pomeranians are outgoing and alert little dogs and they form strong bonds with their families.  However, they can be a little too over-protective which can become a problem especially when they are around the children and at meal times.

If they have been well socialised from a young age, they will accept being around other dogs although, they do tend to be a little “protective” around them which can lead to aggression.  They do not tolerate small pets and animals which means any contact should be well supervised.

Health

The average life expectancy of a Pomeranian is between 12 and 16 years when properly cared for and fed an appropriate good quality diet to suit their ages.

Like so many other breeds, the Pomeranian is known to suffer from very few hereditary health issues and are known to be one of the hardiest of the toy breeds.  The conditions that seem to affect the breed the most  are worth knowing about includes the following: Luxating patella, Tracheal collapse, Insufficient closure of the fontanel.

Most especially these little dogs always need to fed a high energy food, as they use some much energy, they can get tired very quickly. If unnoticed this can sometime lead to hypoglycaemia. 

Pomeranians must not have open fontanels when they are fully mature although a 10-month old puppy’s skull might not have fully closed.

What about vaccinations?

Pomeranian puppy will have been given their first vaccinations before being sold by us the breeder.  It’s essential for a puppy to have their follow up vaccinations at the right time for them to be fully protected.  The vaccination schedule is as follows:

10 -12 weeks old, bearing in mind that a puppy would not have full protection straight away, but would be fully protected 2 weeks after they have had their second vaccination

What about allergies?

Pomeranians are known to suffer from allergies which can affect the condition of their skin.  One of the main concerns in the breed is Alopecia X or Black Skin Disease.  If a Pom develops the condition, they would need to be treated as soon as possible and any Pomeranian known to have suffered from the condition should not be used for breeding purposes because they may pass the disorder on to their offspring.

Caring for a Pomeranian

As with any other breed, Pomeranians need to be groomed on a regular basis to make sure their coats and skin are kept in top condition.  They also need to be given regular daily exercise to ensure they remain fit and healthy.  On top of this, dogs need to be fed good quality food that meets all their nutritional needs throughout their lives.

Caring for a Pomeranian puppy

Pomeranian puppies are adorably small so it’s important for a home to be made safe for them to live in.  Puppy-proofing a home is essential and it should be done well in advance of a puppy arriving to prevent any accidents from happening.  Because Poms are so tiny when they are puppies, investing in a small playpen for them is a great idea.  It keeps a puppy safe even when an owner can’t keep a close eye on them and it means they won’t get stepped on.

Like all puppies, Poms are playful and can scoot around the place at high speed.  Their playtime tends to be in short bursts because in between a Pom Puppy needs to sleep which they can do for anything up to 12 hours a day.

We at little Rascals will give all new owners a feeding schedule for a puppy and it’s important to stick to it until a puppy has settled in.

Pomeranian puppies are very cute and it is all too easy to let them get away with things that a larger dog would never be allowed to do.  It’s very important not to “spoil” a puppy to much.

Things you’ll need for your puppy

It’s best to get everything needed to look after a new puppy well in advance of their arrival and this includes investing in the following items:

Food and water bowls making sure they are not too large or too deep.

A harness and lead – it’s best to teach a puppy to walk on a harness rather than a collar which could put too much pressure on their delicate necks when they pull

A good quality dog bed, making sure it is not too large

A playpen, which is ideal for a tiny Pom puppy to play in safely when they cannot be watched over

Keeping the noise down

Pomeranians are very sensitive little dogs even when fully grown, but when they are puppies, they are ultra-sensitive to loud noises which is why it’s important not to play music too loud and to make sure the volume on the television or other devices is not too high.

Grooming

Although tiny, Poms boast having quite a thick double coat which consists of a very soft undercoat and a longer, straight outer one.  As such, they do need to be regularly brushed to keep on top of things and to prevent their undercoats from matting.  As with other breeds, they tend to shed more during the Spring and then again in the Autumn when more frequent brushing is necessary.  It’s important to teach puppies that a grooming session is something to look forward to which means the experience always should be a good one.

The ideal grooming routine for a Pom is to brush them every other day and then once a week to given their coats a thorough groom, checking their nails and ears.  It’s a good idea to wipe away any tear stains using a soft, damp cloth to do so.  It’s also essential for them to get used to having their ears, feet and other places touched which makes it easier to check things on a regular basis when dogs are older which includes having to trim a Pom’s nails when necessary.

Grooming tools needed for a Pomeranian

Although the Pomeranian is only a very small dog, they have quite a good amount of coat which means they need to be regularly brushed to make sure everything stays tidy.  The tools needed for grooming a Pom are as follows: A slicker brush, a pin brush, a double-sided metal comb with wide teeth, a pair of round ended scissors and nail clippers.

Exercise

Because these little dogs are so tiny, Poms don’t need to be given masses of exercise, but they do enjoy and need to go out for at least 30 minutes a day.  They also love to roam around a back garden as often as possible so they can be off their leads in a safe and familiar environment as long as the fencing is secure.

With this said, young Pomeranian puppies should not be given too much exercise because their joints and bones are still growing.  Giving a Pom a lot of exercise when they are young runs the risk of putting too much pressure on their joints and bones which could result in a dog developing a few problems later on in their lives.

Feeding

As previously mentioned, if you get a Pomeranian puppy from us at Little Rascals, we will give you a feeding schedule and it’s important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid any tummy upsets.

Adult Poms are not known to be fussy or finicky eaters providing they have not been spoilt when young.  The rule of thumb with Pomeranians is to feed the best quality food, a little at a time and more often.  The reason being that Poms like to nibble at their food rather than eat a larger meal twice a day and it reduces the risk of their blood sugar levels from rising and falling too much in between meals.

It’s also important that dogs be given the right amount of exercise so they burn off any excess calories or they might gain too much weight.

Feeding guide for a Pomeranian puppy

Pomeranian puppies are tiny and therefore need to be fed small amounts of food several times a day so that their blood sugar levels do not rise or fall too dramatically which could lead to a puppy developing hypoglycaemia.  It’s also essential to feed a puppy at the same times during the day for the same reason.  As a rough guide, the amounts a Pom puppy can be fed daily is as follows:

  • 2 months old   – 29g to 71g depending on puppy’s build
  • 3 months old –  32g to 80g depending on puppy’s build
  • 4 months old –  33g to 84g depending on puppy’s build
  • 5 months old –  33g to 84g depending on puppy’s build
  • 6 months old –  28g to 76g depending on puppy’s build
  • Once a puppy is 6 months old they can be fed adult dog food.

Average cost to keep/care for a Pomeranian

If you are looking to buy a Pomeranian, you would need to pay anything from £700 to over £2500 for a well-bred pedigree puppy.  The cost of insuring a male 3-year-old Pomeranian in England should be approx.  £19.20 a month for basic cover or for a  lifetime policy , £41.22 a month (quote as of April 2016).  When insurance companies calculate a pet’s premium, they factor in several things which includes where you live in the UK and a dog’s age and whether or not they have been neutered or spayed.

When it comes to food costs, you need to buy the best quality food whether wet or dry, to feed your dog throughout their lives making sure it suits the different stages of their lives.  This would set you back between £30 – £40 a month.

You will need to factor in veterinary costs this includes their initial vaccinations, their annual boosters, the cost of neutering or spaying your dog when the time is right and their yearly health checks.

As a rough guide, the average cost to keep and care for a Pomeranian would be between £70 to £80 a month depending on the level of insurance cover you opt to buy for your dog.

For any advice on the best choice of puppy for you please call Little Rascals Pets on 01522 789191

 

Share if you love Pomeranian Puppies