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Jack Russell

Throughout the year Little Rascals UK often have Jack Russell puppies for sale. So, if you are looking into buying a Jack Russell please speak to us. We will be able to help you find your new Jack Russell puppy. If you have a long journey and are looking for a Jack Russell puppy near you “don’t worry”, why not use our delivery service.

Key Breed Facts

The Jack Russell breed is also commonly known by the names Jack, JRT, Jack Russell Terrier.

Lifespan: 10 – 16 years

Pedigree Breed Status: KC Recognised in the Terrier Group

Height
Males 25 – 30 cm
Females 25 – 30 cm

Weight
Males 6.4 – 8.2 kg
Females 6.4 – 8.2 kg

Breed Characteristics

Size

?
small (3/10)

Exercise

?
very high (10/10)

Training

?
very easy (10/10)

Shedding

?
Average (5/10)

Grooming

?
low (4/10)

Children

?
average (6/10)

Health

?
average (6/10)

Cost to Keep

?
low (3/10)

Being Alone

?
moderate periods (6/10)

Intelligence

?
high (10/10)

Introduction

The Jack Russell is one of the most popular companion dogs and family pets in the UK as well as elsewhere in the world and for good reason. They are bold, happy and high energy dogs that thrive on being around people. However, because they have such a lot of energy, they need the right amount of exercise and mental stimulation for them to be truly happy, well-behaved dogs.

Although the Jack Russel does make a great family pet, they need to be kept in the right sort of environment. As such, they are better suited to households where people work from home or where one person stays at home, so a Jack Russell Terrier always has company around to avoid a dog from being destructive around the home.

History

The Jack Russell was developed in Australia although the breed’s origins are firmly based in the UK where they have always been highly regarded working terriers since 1800s. 

As previously mentioned Jack Russell Terriers are native to the UK and they first appeared back in the early 1800’s when they were bred by the Reverend John Russell who was a keen hunting enthusiast. 

After the death of Reverend Russell, a group of enthusiasts carried on his work wanting to breed small terriers under 6.5 kg in weight. Breed numbers declined during the Second World War after which time these charming, feisty little dogs became more popular as pets rather than as working dogs. 

The Jack Russell was only recognised by the Kennel Club in 2016 when a breed standard was established that incorporated both Australian and FCI standards too. Today, the Kennel Club welcomes owners to register a Jack Russell with the club to improve the gene pool and to increase the number of these charming dogs that take part in Kennel Club shows.

Appearance

Jack Russell Terriers are often described as being “small and perfectly put together” which is understandable being that these little terriers are so well proportioned and nicely balanced.  Their skulls are quite flat and moderately wide being narrower around a dog’s eyes before tapering to the muzzle.  Their noses are black and their lips are tight and black in colour too.

Their shoulders are well laid back and dogs have nicely pronounced fore chests. Front legs are powerful showing a good amount of bone. They have compact, powerful and sturdy bodies and level backs which dip slightly at the loins. Chests are quite deep and wide with dogs have nice oval shaped ribcages and a moderate amount of tuck up to their bellies. Hindquarters are muscular and strong with dogs having powerful, well-muscled back legs. Their feet are round to oval shaped and quite small with moderately arched toes and firm, strong pads. Their tails are set high being thicker at the base and which dogs carry upright when alert, but dropped when at rest.

When it comes to their coat, the Jack Russell can either be rough or smooth coated with both types having a softer undercoat. The accepted breed colours are as follows: White with Black Markings, White with Black/Tan Markings, White with Tan Markings.

Gait/movement

Jack Russell Terriers are busy terriers and when they move, they do so freely covering a lot of ground when they do. Their movements should never be exaggerated, but nicely coordinated with a free-moving straight action both in their front and back legs with dogs having lots of drive in their hindquarters.

More about tail docking in the JRT

A law was passed in the UK banning the docking of tails. In England, the law came into effect om 6th June 2007. In Wales, the law came into effect on 28th March 2007. In Scotland, a total ban came into effect on 30th April 2007.

There are exemptions to the ban which covers certain breeds of working dogs and any dog that undergoes any sort of medical treatment.

Jack Russell puppies (and other specific working breeds which includes spaniels and hunt, point and retrieve as well as any crosses of these breeds) can have their tails docked, providing evidence can be supplied to a vet that the dog would be used as a “working” dog and all relevant documentation to support this must be provided.

Temperament

Jack Russell Terriers are lively, feisty, keen and always ready to take off after their prey. 

Along with being confident and bold, Jack Russell Terriers are friendly and loyal to their owners and families forming extremely strong bonds with one specific member of the family which is usually the person who feeds them and takes the most care of them on a day to day basis. 

Are they a good choice for first time owners?

Jack Russell Terriers do make good first-time dogs for novice owners, providing they have enough time and energy to dedicate to an extremely energetic, intelligent and eager canine companion.

What about excessive barking?

Jack Russell Terriers are renowned for barking, they love the sound of their own voices which can become a real issue with neighbours. The best way to prevent a Jack Russell from barking incessantly, is to show them the right kind of calm leadership that these terriers need to remain calm themselves. 

Do Jack Russell Terriers like water?

Jack Russell Terriers do like swimming and will jump in the water more especially if a toy has been thrown in for them to retrieve. 

Intelligence / Trainability

Jack Russell Terriers are very smart little dogs and they learn things extremely quickly which means in the right hands and environment, they are easy to train. The downside is they are just as quick to pick up a lot of bad habits which they do all to easily.  They need to be handled and trained with a firm, yet gentle hand so they understand their place in the pack and who it the “boss” in a household.

Children and Other Pets

Jack Russell Terriers do make great family pets especially when they have been correctly socialised as puppies. The thing about Jack Russell Terriers is that they do not tolerate being abused in any way even if a child does something to them accidentally.

If well socialised from a young enough age, Jack Russell Terriers generally get on well with other dogs. However, care must be taken when they are anywhere near smaller animals and pets because they might see them as prey.

Health

The average life expectancy of a Jack Russell is between 12 and 14 years when properly cared for and fed an appropriate good quality diet to suit their ages. The Jack Russell Terrier is known to be a healthy little dog thanks to their large gene pool. 

What about vaccinations?

A Jack Russell Terrier puppy would have been vaccinated before being homed, but will need a second vaccination a little later with the schedule being as follows: 10 -12 weeks old, bearing in mind that a puppy would not have full protection straight away, but would only be fully protected 2 weeks after they have had their second vaccination.

What about spaying and neutering?

When a female is 6 months old they can safely be spayed, but not before. The same applies to male Jack Russell Terriers, they can be safely neutered when they are 6 months old.

Caring for a Jack Russell

As with any other breed, Jack Russell Terriers need to be groomed on a regular basis to make sure their coats and skin are kept in top condition. They also need to be given regular daily exercise to ensure they remain fit and healthy. On top of this, dogs need to be fed good quality food that meets all their nutritional needs throughout their lives.

Caring for a Jack Russell puppy

It’s important to set things up in the home and garden before bringing a Jack Russell puppy home and this includes investing in certain items needed to take care of them. 

Things you’ll need for your puppy are as follows:

Food and water bowls which ideally should be ceramic rather than plastic or metal and not too deep

A puppy collar and lead making sure they are good quality items that will last

A dog crate that’s not too small or too big so that a puppy feels lost in it

A playpen which is a great for puppy to safely play in when owners cannot keep a close eye on their pets during the day

A good quality dog bed that’s not too small or big

Baby blankets which are ideal to put in crates and dog beds for a puppy to sleep on

It’s essential to time the date a new puppy is introduced to a home making sure that people are going to be about for the first week or so which ensures a puppy does not find themselves on their own at a time when they might be a little stressed out.

Setting up a nice quiet corner for a puppy is also important because it gives them somewhere they can go to when they want to nap. 

Your puppy would have been wormed by us, which is information that will be included in their paperwork along with details of microchipping, but it is important for them to be wormed again when the time is right once they arrive in their new home.  They should be wormed regularly as follows:

Puppies should be wormed monthly to the age of 6 months old and then quarterly.

Grooming

The Jack Russell Terrier can either have a rough or smoot coat, but both have dense undercoats. They do shed throughout the year, only more so during the Spring and then again in the Autumn when more frequent brushing is usually necessary to stay on top of things. 

Jack Russell Terriers are low maintenance on the grooming front, but they do need and enjoy being regularly brushed

Dogs with wire coats also benefit from being hand stripped twice a year which makes it a lot easier to keep it in great condition in between visits to a grooming parlour. 

Exercise

The Jack Russell Terrier is a high energy, intelligent dog and as such they need to be given the right amount of daily exercise and mental stimulation for them to be truly happy, well-rounded dogs. They need to be given at least 60+ minutes exercise a day with as much off the lead time as possible. 

Jack Russell Terriers thrive on playing interactive games and they excel at many canine sports which includes agility and flyball to name but two. These little dogs don’t tire easily and will happily play interactive games for hours which sees an owner tire out much faster than they do. 

With this said, Jack Russell puppies should not be over exercised because their joints and bones are still growing. This includes not letting a dog jump up and down from furniture or going up or down the stairs. Too much pressure placed on their joints and spines at an early age could result in a dog developing serious problems later in their lives.

Feeding

As mentioned before, if you get a Jack Russell puppy from a breeder, they would give you a feeding schedule and it’s important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid any tummy upsets. 

Older dogs are not known to be fussy eaters. It’s best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and then again in the evening, making sure it’s good quality food that meets all their nutritional requirements. 

Average cost to keep/care for a Jack Russell

If you are looking to buy a Jack Russell, you would need to pay anything from £250 to over £500 for a well-bred pedigree puppy. The cost of insuring a male 3-year-old Jack Russell in England would be £17.12 a month for basic cover or a lifetime policy, this would set you back £36.51 a month (quote as of July 2016). 

When it comes to food costs, you need to buy the best quality food whether wet or dry making sure it suits the different stages of a dog’s life. This would set you back between £20 – £30 a month. On top of this, you need to factor in veterinary costs of vaccinations, their annual boosters, the cost of neutering or spaying a dog when the time is right and their yearly health checks.

As a rough guide, the average cost to keep and care for a Jack Russell would be between £50 to £70 a month depending on the level of insurance cover you opt to buy for your dog.

For any advice on the best choice of puppy for you please call Little Rascals Pets on 01522 789191

 

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