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Chow-Chow

Throughout the year Little Rascals UK often have Chow-Chow puppies for sale. So, if you are looking into buying a Chow-Chow please speak to us. We will be able to help you find your new Chow-Chow puppy. If you have a long journey and are looking for a Chow-Chow puppy near you “don’t worry”, why not use our delivery service.

Key Breed Facts

The Chow-Chow breed is also commonly known by the names Chow, Chowdren.

Lifespan: 9 – 15 years

Pedigree Breed Status: KC Recognised in the Utility Group

Height
Males 43 – 51 cm
Females 43 – 51 cm

Weight
Males 25 – 32 kg
Females 20 – 27 kg

Breed Characteristics

Size

?
large (8/10)

Exercise

?
medium (6/10)

Training

?
average (5/10)

Shedding

?
low (3/10)

Grooming

?
very high (10/10)

Children

?
not good (3/10)

Health

?
average (5/10)

Cost to Keep

?
above Average (7/10)

Being Alone

?
moderate periods (6/10)

Intelligence

?
Average (6/10)

Introduction

One of the most distinguishing features about the Chow-Chow is their blackish/blue tongue, the other being their profuse, thick coat. There are two types of Chow with the first being a smooth-coated dog and the other being the rough-coated Chow. Often aloof and a little stand-offish, they are however, extremely loyal and devoted to their owners and in particular to one person in a household.

Over the years, the Chow-Chow has become a popular choice with many people. All thanks to their unusual looks and their loyal natures. However, they are not the best choice for first time owners because Chows need to be well trained and handled by people who are familiar with this type of dog, or a Chow might just get the upper hand and start exhibiting a more dominant side to their nature.

History

Chow-Chows have been around for thousands of years and are thought to be related to Nordic Spitz-type dogs. They were highly prized in China for their guarding and hunting abilities, but the breed remained a bit of a mystery to the rest of the world for a long time all due to the fact that China had closed its borders right up until the 1800s. The Chow did not appear here in the UK until the nineteen twenties. 

However, the actual origins of the breed have been lost in time there is some evidence of a Chinese Emperor owning around two thousand Chow type dogs in the 7th century AD which he used as hunting dogs.

In more recent times, Chow-Chows have become popular pets with movie stars during the “roaring twenties” and today they remain high on the list of preferred companion dogs with people the world over including here in the UK.

Appearance

The Chow is a large dog that boasts some unique physical traits, one of which is the fact they have blackish/blue tongues and the other being they have very thick, dense coats. They have large heads; their muzzle is moderately long and their nose is wide and large being black in colour with the exception of dogs that boast near white or cream coats where their noses are much lighter. Chows with a fawn or blue coat should have black noses, but self-coloured is allowed as a breed standard.

Their eyes are oval in shape and dark, with blue or fawn coats have eyes that match their colouring. A Chow-Chow’s ears are small, slightly rounded at the tips and very thick. Dogs carry them upright.

The way a Chow’s ears stand up on a dog’s head gives them the appearance of always scowling which is another unique physical trait that makes these dogs stand out in a crowd.

They have strong mouths with a perfect scissor bite where their upper teeth neatly overlap their lower ones. Their gums tend to be various lighter shades with cream and white dogs having the lightest coloured gums of them all. Chows have very strong necks which they hold slightly arched giving them their proud and aloof look.

Their shoulders are well developed, muscular and sloping with dogs boasting straight front legs with lots of bone. Chows are deep chested dogs that have a well sprung ribcage, powerful loins and a strong, level back. A Chow’s tail is set high which dogs carry them well over their backs.

When it comes to their coat, Chow-Chows can either have smooth or rough coats. Rough-coated dogs have thick, dense straight hair that stands well off from their body. Their outer coat is coarse, but their undercoat is woolly and much softer.  Smooth-coated dogs have a shorter double coat with dense, straight hair that stands upright and which is very plush to the touch. Chows come in a variety of colours which includes the following: Black, Blue, Cream, Fawn, Shaded Red, White.

Temperament

Chows are very intelligent dogs, but they can be strong-willed when the mood takes them too. Their training and socialisation has to start early for them to become well-rounded, obedient characters. They are known to have a stubborn streak and if allowed, they will show a more dominant side to their character. They need to be given the right sort of direction from a young age and then throughout their lives so they understand their place in the pack and who is alpha dog in a household.

Chows form very strong bonds with one person although they are always affectionate and friendly towards everyone in a household. They are not a good choice for first time owners because they need to be handled and trained correctly by someone who is familiar with this type of strong-willed, intelligent dog. Because they form such a strong bond with one owner, the Chow-Chow can suffer from separation anxiety which can be a real problem for people who spend all day out at work.

Chows are instinctively suspicious of strangers and people they don’t know, they also tend to be very protective of their family and their property which means they are very quick to let an owner know when strangers are about. They are very good around children as long as they have grown up with them, making Chows a good choice for families.

It’s in a Chow’s nature to chase anything that moves which means great care has to be taken when walking a dog through the countryside or park. The one thing Chows are not keen on chasing is anything an owner throws for them which is something these dogs are not interesting in doing whatsoever.

Intelligence / Trainability

They do have a stubborn streak in them which means without the right sort of handling and training. However, in the right hands and given the right sort of direction, the Chow is relatively easy when it comes to teaching them the rules and how to behave. The thing to bear in mind, is that Chows need to know why they are doing something and will not do anything they think is not necessary.

Because the breed is known to be extremely clean, Chows are easy to housetrain.

Children and Other Pets

The Chow is known to be good around children although they do tend to become very protective of them. They are large dogs and therefore any interaction between the kids and a dog should always be well supervised by an adult to make sure things stay calm and no children get knocked over albeit accidentally. 

Care needs to be taken when a Chow meets any dogs they don’t already know and the same can be said of any pets in a household. Although they are rarely the ones to start a fight, a Chow will think nothing of defending themselves if they feel threatened by another dog in any way.

Health

The average life expectancy of a Chow-Chow is between 9 to 15 years when properly cared for and fed an appropriate good quality diet to suit their ages. Like many other pedigree dogs, they are known to suffer from certain hereditary conditions which are worth knowing about if you are hoping to share your home with one of these large and lovely looking dogs. The health issues that seem to affect the breed the most include the following: Entropion, Eczema/hot, Bloat, Breathing issues, Heatstroke.

Caring for a Chow-Chow

As with any other breed, Chows need to be groomed on a regular basis to make sure their coats and skin are kept in top condition. They also need to be given regular daily exercise to ensure they remain fit and healthy. On top of this, they need to be fed good quality food that meets all their nutritional needs throughout their lives.

Grooming

Chows enjoy being groomed because they like the one-to-one attention they are given when they are being pampered and brushed. It’s important for puppies to be groomed from a young age paying particular attention to touching their feet and their ears. This makes it that much easier to check them later when these dogs are larger and that much heavier to handle.

It’s also important to regularly check a Chow’s chest because when they get excited, some of them tend to dribble and this can cause problems with the skin becoming sore and inflamed if not regularly cleaned and wiped dry. Ideally, Chows need to be groomed at least once a week.

Exercise

Chows are not known to be high energy dogs, but they do need to be given the right amount of daily exercise which includes a lot of mental stimulation for them to be truly happy dogs. They need around 40 to 60 minutes exercise every day and they enjoy being out and about in the great outdoors although Chows really like being able to wander around a back garden too. 

Because of their heavy coats, Chows can overheat very quickly in hot weather. It’s important for them to be kept inside during the hotter summer months and to only take them for a walk first thing in the morning and then once the sun has gone down in the evening when the temperature tends to be a lot cooler.

Young puppies should not be given too much exercise because their joints and bones are still growing and too much pressure on them could result in a dog developing joint problems later on in their lives.

Feeding

If you get a Chow puppy from us at Little Rascals we will give you a feeding schedule and it’s important to stick to the same routine, feeding the same puppy food to avoid any tummy upsets. 

Young Chows when they reach 6 months old can quite safely be put on two meals a day, but before this they need to be fed between 3 to 4 times a day.

Older dogs are not known to be fussy or finicky eaters. It’s best to feed a mature dog twice a day, once in the morning and then again in the evening, making sure it’s good quality food that meets all their nutritional requirements. It’s also important that dogs be given the right amount of exercise so they burn off any excess calories or they might gain too much weight which can lead to all sorts of health issues. 

Because Chows are deep chested dogs, they are prone to suffer from bloat and as such they should never be fed just before they go out for a walk or when they have just come back from one. 

Average cost to keep/care for a Chow-Chow

If you are looking to buy a Chow, you would need to pay anything from £800 to over £950 for a well-bred pedigree puppy. The cost of insuring a male 3-year-old Chow-Chow would be £35 a month for basic cover or a lifetime policy, this would set you back £115 a month (quote as of April 2016). When insurance companies calculate a pet’s premium, they factor in several things which includes where you live in the UK and a dog’s age and whether or not they have been neutered or spayed.

When it comes to food costs, you need to buy the best quality food, we recommend Royal Canin, whether wet or dry, to feed your dog throughout their lives making sure it suits the different stages of their lives. This would set you back between £50 – £60 a month. On top of all of this, you would need to factor in veterinary costs including their second vaccinations, their annual boosters, the cost of neutering or spaying your dog when the time is right and their yearly health checks.

As a rough guide, the average cost to keep and care for a Chow-Chow would be between £100 to £150 a month depending on the level of insurance cover you opt to buy for your dog.

For any advice on the best choice of puppy for you please call Little Rascals Pets on 01522 789191

 

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